Migration within, to and from the European Union is a matter of great interest with serious cultural and economic implications that need to be studied in the current context. The issues of social diversity and cultural conflict, intensified by the strong wave of globalization that we are experiencing worldwide, can be redefined through the prism of the integration efforts carried out by economic groupings of countries such as the European Union.  “Unity in Diversity” is the guiding principle of the object of our analysis and it is under this slogan that common efforts are made to oil the 50-year old wheels of the EU from both an economic and a cultural point of view.

The old concept of nation state that was the basis for the division of the world territory reunited under a sovereign entity- the almighty state- people of the same race and religion. Are we confronted with the end of the nation state as we know it, are we facing a “clash of civilizations”, as Samuel Huntington foresaw, or are we simply witnessing the power of “the impersonal forces of world market… now more powerful than the state’s”, that Susan Strange distinguished? One thing is certain: culture is, on the whole, the learned way of behavior of each of the peoples associated to the nation-states. And social diversity within the borders of the same state is the result of migration, of the unrestricted flow of people over the increasingly formal and decreasingly practical borders of these states. Migration, under its two forms of emigration and immigration, is the theme of several debates of either religious, cultural or economic nature.

What future for the nation-state, but even worse: what future for the EU from this perspective of the individuals that are, became, will become or gave up being EUropean? With the enlargement of the EU from 15 to 27 states, migration started playing an important part in the transition process in new EU members from Eastern Europe and continues to be relevant in the view of an aging European population. African and Asian continents seem to be the main cradle for the new generation of laborers, be they skilled or unskilled. What is the flow of remittances and how does it impact the economies of mother and destination countries?  Do these newcomers impose their culture or adopt the existing one?

And what are the problems they, the states welcoming them and the departure countries might be facing?

Oana Furtună